[From Andrew Silver, Sr Editor, Swim Network.com]
Athletes are more likely to be physically and mentally stressed, making them more susceptible to illness, warns Charlie Thompson, the chairman of the National Athletic Trainer’s Association’s college and university athletic trainers committee.
Here are some tips from trainers, doctors, and the CDC. Although this was compiled for swimmers, it is applicable for all athletes.
A common side effect of the flu is loss of appetite, resulting in less fluid intake and even dehydration. Try drinking small amounts of fluid often and choose drinks that contain electrolytes, such as sports drinks. Michael Castleman, author of Cold Cures: The Complete Guide to Prevention and Treatment of the Common Cold and Flu, recommends drinking lots of hot fluids at the first onset of flu symptoms. Hot fluids impair viral replication, plus they have a mild decongestant effect.
Eat small, healthy meals
If your appetite is squelched, try eating small meals more often. And remember that fresh fruit and vegetables contain antioxidant nutrients that bolster the immune system, which in turn helps reduce your risk of other infections.
Sleep it off
Anecdotal evidence among those with swine flu reveals that the virus often comes in waves. You may feel better, but then the fever returns along with other symptoms or possibly a bacterial infection. To give our body its best chance, sleep it off. Doctors recommend sleeping between eight to 10 hours a day to help your body recover and avoid other infections. According to Dr. Maoshing Ni, your immune system function drops by an average of 60 percent after just three nights of poor sleep.
Protect your towels
To avoid spreading germs during flu season, don’t share towels. Flu viruses can linger on linens such as your swimming towels.
Don’t waste money on miracle cures
Despite what you may read on the Internet, swine flu has no miracle cure. The government’s http://www.flu.gov website lists more than a handful of fraudulent H1N1 flu “treatments” including air systems, body washes, gels, inhalers, and herbal extracts. Also note that vitamins and other supplements don’t boost the immune system or fight the flu, so don’t count on vitamins to work recovery magic.
Ease back into your workout
Once you are feeling over the worst, doctors recommend that you start slow. Go for a gentle walk to get some fresh air and open up the lungs again. But don’t over-exercise, and gradually return to your normal workout routine. People who get the flu typically run a fever and experience muscle aches for several days. So that’s not the time to put your body through an intense workout. Check your temperature to ensure you have no fever before you head back to the pool. Even though the H1N1 flu virus cannot live in a properly chlorinated pool, you could spread germs in the locker room if you go back too soon.